Botanical Name: Eugenia pimento
- English: Jamaica pepper, Myrtle pepper, Pimento, Newspice
- Also, known as: Bahar, Bhar hub wa na’im, Allehande, Piment, Harilik pimendipuu, Vurts, Maustepippuri, Piment jamaique, Poivre aromatique, Toute-epice, Piovre de la jamaique, Piment neugewurz, Allgewurz, Nelkenpfeffer, Jamaicapfeffer, Englisches gewurz, Jamaikai szegfubors, Szegfubors, Amomummag, Allrahanda, Pepe di giamaica, Allehande, Ziele angielskie, Pimenta da Jamaica, Yamaiskaiy pjerets, Pimienta gorda, Krywddpeppar, Yeni bahar
Habitat: West indies(Jamaica), Central America.
Parts Used: Dried Fruits
It belongs to the family Myrtaceae and its known in English as Allspice or Pimento. The name Allspice was coined by John Ray (1627-1705), an English botanist, who identified the flavor to a combination of Clove, Cinnamon and Nutmeg. The family Myrtaceae consists of a about three thousand woody species, most of which grow in the tropics.
Allspice is a small, functionally dioecious evergreen tree, 7-10 meters tall, slender trunk profusely branched at its extremities. The bark is smooth shiny, pale silvery brown, sheding stripes of 25-730 cm long at intervals. Leaves are borne in clusters at the end of branches, simple, opposite, entire, thinly, coriaceous, punctate with pellucid glands, aromatic when crushed.
The word pimento is derived from the Spanish word pimienta for black pepper, as allspice resembles peppercorns. It is known as pepper in many languages. However, the berries were widely known as pimienta later anglicized as pimento.
How to use:
As a spice.
You should consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using any herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.
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