Botanical Name: Plantago major
- English: Broadleaf Plantain
- Ayurvedic: Ashvagola
- Also, known as: Phak Kaat Nam, Arnoglossa, Bag Yapragi, Baka Zhal By Rak, Bartang, Bazir Dam Bil, Breitwegerich, Broadleaf Plantain, Broad-Leaved Plantain, Piantaggine Grande, Piantaggine Maggiore, Buyuk Sinirliot, Büyük Sinir Out, Cart-Track Plant, Celtekas, Ceuli, Ceuli Uncal, Chajeoncho, Sinurotu, Snakeweed, Sobatshi Jazyk, Cuckoo’s Bread, Damarotu, Daum Sejumbok, Daun Sendok, Daun Urat, Door-Yard Plantain, Ekur Anjing, Ezan Lezu, Gechi Oulaghi, Englishman’s Foot, Tirnagt, Torongoat, Triputnik, Fi Lo, Fi Lomatolu, Grand Plantain, Grant Plantain, Great Plantain, Greater Plantain, Grosser Wegerich, Grote Weegbree, Healing-Blade, Henplant, Jghakhot, Katir, Katta Zubturum, Otot Ototan, Pătlagină, Piharatamo, Sangka Buwah, Sangkubah, Sangkuwah, Sei Ohr Re, Kesirotu, Ki Urat, Kuping Menjangan, Lahuriya, Lanting, Lanting Haba, Lamb’s-Foot, Laukahi, Lielā Ceļmalīe, Ch’e Ch’ien, Che Qian Zi, Common Plantain, Lisan Al-Hamal, Llantén, Llantén Común, Llanten Mayor, Llanten, Meloh Kiloh, Mo Noi, Nipple Grass, Phak Kat Nam, Plantain, Plantain Commun, Plantain Majeur, Plantate Gros, Podorozhnik Bolshoi, Poputnik, Pridorozhnik, Priputnik, Putiki, Putnik, Ratamo, Rat’s tail, Ribgrass, Ribble Grass, Ripple Grass, Sembung Otot, Suri Pandak, Suur Teeleht, Tanagem, Tanchagem-Maior, Tarkuz, Tsirevaja Trava, Twissat Mariam, Wayboard, Waybread, Wegerich, Wegerlich, White-Man’s Foot, Piantaggine, snakeweed, broad-leafed plantain,
Habitat: Asia and Europe
Harvested: Wild or cultivated
Parts Used: Leaves
Plantago major, is an herbaceous perennial plant that forms a rosette of dark green leaves that lie close to the ground. The blades of the basal leaves are 2-4-inch-long and 1.5-3 inches across; they are oval in shape with about 5 parallel veins and smooth margins. The upper surface of each blade is medium green and glabrous to sparsely canescent, while the lower surface of each blade is light green and sometimes finely pubescent along the veins. Stem leaves lacking. Inflorescence of dense, narrow, bracteate spikes. Spikes less than 1 cm thick, 5-25 cm long, green-brown, smooth. Flowers hermaphrodite, anemophilous and/or autogenous. Peduncle glabrous. The lower one-third of each stalk is Floral Spikes green, terete, glabrous to finely pubescent, and naked; a narrowly cylindrical spike of greenish flowers occurs along the upper two-thirds of each stalk. These small flowers are densely distributed along with the spike. Each flower is only 3 mm long, consisting of 4 green sepals, a pistil with a single white style, 4 stamens with pale purple anthers, and a papery corolla with 4 spreading lobes. The flowers are wind-pollinated. The flowers are replaced by ovoid seed capsules that are individually about 3 mm. long at maturity; they are initially green, but later become purple or brown. Each seed capsule is circumsessile and splits open around the middle to release the seeds. Each capsule contains about 10-15 seeds. The seeds are 1-2 mm. long, light to dark brown, and somewhat flattened; the seed surface is finely reticulated, requires 10x hand lens to see. The root system consists of a short crown with fibrous roots.
How to use:
The basic method for dried herbs and flower is, take 2-3 tablespoons of dried herb in a cup or teapot. Pour hot water over it and cover it with lid for 10-30 minutes. Hot water is needed to draw out the antioxidants, enzymes, vitamins, flavonoids, and volatile oils from the botanicals. Strain and squeeze out as much as liquid as possible and enjoy!
- You can sweeten your herbal tea with a bit of honey, natural fruit juice, stevia leaves powder and or licorice root powder.
- You can make ice cubes or pops by freezing tea in ice trays or pop molds.
You should consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using any herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.
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This information has not been evaluated by Health Canada.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.