Botanical Name: Citrus limon
- English: Lemon
- Ayurvedic: Jambira, Jambh, Jambhir, Jaamphal, Nimbu, Nimbuka,
- Unani: Utraj
- Also, known as: Suurlemoen, Ning meng, Pedda Nimma, Jambira, Nimmu, Bijapuram, Elumichai, Limu, Neebu, Nimbu, Bara Nimbu, Elumichangai, Periya elumuchhai, Yang ning meng, Citron, Zitrone, Lmone, Remon, Limão cravo, Limonero, Jambira, Maha Nimbu, Patinebu, Kagghinebu, Baranebu, Limbu, Nimbe, Lime hannu, Nimbe hannu, Cherunakaram, Vadukappulinarakam, Pakari Nimbu, Elumicchai, Cherunaranka, Naaranga, Limpaka, Dantashatha, Airaavata, and Neebu
Habitat: The Punjab region of India and Pakistan
Parts Used: Peel of fruit
Citrus limon, is a straggling bush or small evergreen tree, normally 9-12 feet and sometimes up to 20 feet high with irregularly, and thorny branches. The bark color varying from clear grey on the trunk, green on the younger branches to a purplish on the twigs. The evergreen leaves are ovate-oval, about two inches long, the margin serrate with sharp spines in the axils of the stalks. Leaves are reddish when young, and become dark green above, light green below. They are oblong, elliptic or long-ovate, 2-4-inch-long, finely toothed, with slender wings on the petioles. The mildly fragrant flowers may be solitary or there may be more than 2 clustered in the leaf axils. Buds are reddish; the opened flowers have 4 or 5 petals, 2 cm long, white on the upper surface, purplish beneath, grow on stems in the axils. The well-known fruit is an ovoid berry, about three inches long, nipple-shaped at the end, smooth, bright yellow, indented over the oil-glands, having an acid, pale- yellow pulp.
About forty-seven varieties are said to have been developed during the centuries of cultivation. The 'Eureka' grows year-round and abundantly. This is the common supermarket lemon, also known as 'Four Seasons' because of its ability to produce fruit and flowers together throughout the year.
The peel, Limonis Cortex, is white and spongy inside, varying much in thickness, and the yellow outer layer, formerly called the flavedo, has a fragrant odor and aromatic, bitter taste. Lemon peel is most often used fresh but can also be dried, candied or pickled. The essential oil obtained from the peel is an important source of flavor. The tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses. Lemon juice is valued in the home as a stain remover, and a slice of lemon dipped in salt can be used to clean copper-bottomed cooking pots. Lemon peel oil is much used in furniture polishes, detergents, soaps and shampoos. It is important in perfume blending and especially in colognes.
Limes and lemons are from the same citrus fruit family, rich in vitamin C but different in color. Limes are green and smaller, whereas lemons are yellow and big in size. Despite the difference in flavor, color and size; limes and lemons have the same nutritional benefits.
How to use:
Decoctions are suitable for roots, barks, large seeds & berries, and other dense material. The simple way to make decoction is, in a saucepan, add 1 tablespoon of dried herbs to 1 cup of water. Bring the water to boil, reduce heat and simmer for 30-60 minutes. Strain and squeeze out as much as liquid as possible and enjoy!
- You can sweeten your herbal decoctions with a bit of honey, natural fruit juice, stevia leaves powder and or licorice root powder.
You should consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using any herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.
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This information has not been evaluated by Health Canada.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.